People in the story of Tamar & Judah
Tamar was a young Hebrew woman who had married into the family of Judah. Her first husband died, punished by God for an unnamed crime. Under the Levirate Law which protected widows from poverty, she should have had sexual intercourse with her husband's younger brother. When a male child was born, she and her son would be entitled to a share in the tribal wealth, just as if he were the son of her first husband.
Worth noting about Tamar:
she marries twice but remained childless because her first husband was punished for an unnamed crime and her second husband masturbated
she waits and waits for justice, but finally accepts that it will not be done unless she takes matters into her own hands; her own father seems unable to help her
she is ready to take a terrible risk to get what she is entitled to; she has great courage
she also has great anger locked inside her; it is probably this anger at the injustice of her situation that propels her into action
she wants a son to inherit her first husband's share of the inheritance; God gives her not one son but two, emphasising her right to act as she has
Judah...son of Jacob and Leah, Tamar's father-in-law; he could have helped her, and had a duty to do so, but did not. He was prepared to burn her alive for a transgression against family honor. Adultery was punished by death.
Worth noting about Judah
keep in mind that Judah is the son of Jacob, who had some good qualitites (he saved his brother Joseph from death, persuading his other brothers to sell Joseph to slave traders rather than kill him) but was also deceitful
Judah was suffering from profound grief: he has recently lost his wife Shua, and his two sons Er and Onan
people suffering profound grief often act out of character, doing things they would not normally do
there is no way of knowing if he knew what his son Onan was doing, but as tribal leader he was responsible for his son's actions
it seems as if he never planned to use a prostitute, since he had no money to pay Tamar for her services
Er...husband of Tamar and eldest son of Judah, and his heir
Worth noting about Er
Onan... second son of Judah, with a duty to have sexual intercourse with Tamar until she conceived and had a son. If she had a son, Onan's own inheritance would be greatly lessened. He 'spilled his seed', using coitus interruptus as a form on contraception, so that she could not conceive.
Worth noting about Onan
son of Jacob who refused to give Tamar a child
he flouted ancient tribal laws that protected widows from poverty; this was a serious crime against the woman Tamar and against his own tribe
he chose property rather and law-abiding justice, and was punished by God
he was probably already married at the time
Shua was the wife of Judah and the mother of his three sons
Worth noting about Shua
having born three sons to the tribal leader Judah, Shua was an honored woman in the tribe
we do not know what sort of relationship existed between Shua and Tamar - good or bad; it was only after Shua's death that Tamar decided to act; perhaps Tamar hoped that Shua would eventually send Shelah to fulfil the Levirate Law
Hirah the Adullamite - friend of Judah, who would be called a 'side-kick' or 'go-for' in the movies
Perez and Zerah - the long awaited twin sons of Tamar and Judah. They play very little part in the story, but are integral to the 'happy ending', and to subsequent stories in the Bible.
Bible Clothes and Houses
What were families like in ancient Israel?
Famous Paintings of Judah and Tamar
Bible Women: Major Events: choosing a husband, marrying him
The Levirate Law: what was it? how did it change Tamar's life?
Famous Bible Women: Tamar
Childbirth in ancient Israel
King David: his story
Joseph, brother of Judah