BIBLE PEOPLE - THEIR STORIES
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MAD, BAD, AND DANGEROUS
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is a dynastic name, and there are four different men in the
New Testament called Herod. They are all from the same family, descendents of the
founder of the dynasty, Herod Antipater.
HEROD THE GREAT
Herod was born in Palestine at a time of political turmoil. His father Antipater, an ambitious man, had risen rapidly in the service of the king, whom he eventually ousted from the throne. Antipater appointed his son Herod as governor of Galilee, and six years later Mark Antony made him tetrarch. Six years after this the Senate in Rome named him king of Judea and gave him an army to make good his claim. By the age of 36, Herod was unchallenged ruler of Judea.
Herod supported his patron Mark Antony until he lost the Battle of Actium, when he adroitly switched sides and became an ally and friend of the victor of this battle, Octavian/Augustus.
HEROD THE BUILDER
Much of what he did was an attempt to make up for his birth - he was of Arab origin on both sides, a fact his Jewish subjects never forgave. He resented and envied the love his subjects had for the former royal family, the Hasmoneans, and ended up murdering most of the members of that family, including his wife Mariamme, their two sons, his young brother-in-law, his mother-in-law, and Mariamme's aged grandfather. When Herod had his two sons strangled, Augustus commented that it was safer to be Herod's pig than his son - Jews do not eat pork.
HEROD GOES MAD
HEROD ANTIPAS FALLS IN LOVE
CONFLICT BETWEEN ANTIPAS AND JOHN
HEROD ANTIPAS AND JESUS
Antipas was loathe to have anything to do with Jesus - he was a man of his time and believed in magic and witchcraft, and suspected that Jesus was adept in both these arts. So Antipas returned Jesus to Pilate, thus relieving himself of the problem.
the love his subjects had
for the former royal family, the Hasmoneans, and ended up murdering most
of them, including his wife Mariamme, their two
sons, his young brother-in-law, his mother-in-law, and Mariamme's aged
grandfather. When Herod had his two sons strangled, Augustus, knowing that
Jews do not eat pork, commented
that it was safer to be Herod's pig than his son.'
Though Antipas was cautious in political matters, he was unsuccessful in controlling his family, and had a particularly bad relationship with Herodias' brother Agrippa.
CALIGULA AND HEROD ANTIPAS
Herodias proudly refused the pardon and accompanied Antipas into exile - though it was perhaps not too bad a punishment, since tradition has it that they lived hereafter in a magnificent villa in Gaul, near Lyon in the south of France.
He was the grandson of the beautiful Mariamme and through her inherited the prized Hasmonean blood. He had been sent to Rome as a small boy to escape the bloodbath that engulfed his family as Herod the Great lapsed into insanity, and also to receive a Roman education. There he grew up in company with the emperor Tiberius' son Drusus.
After his mother's death he quickly ran through his inheritance, keeping up with the lifestyle of the young blades of the imperial family. Then he went into serious debt, which meant that when his patron Drusus died, he was forced to leave Rome and go back to Judea. Herod Antipas, now his brother-in-law, gave him a small income and a minor official post, both of which Agrippa despised.
AGRIPPA'S FRIENDSHIP WITH CALIGULA
However Tiberius died one year later and Agrippa, now close friends with the new emperor Caligula, came into his own. Caligula made him king of the former realm of his uncle Philip, and when Antipas was banished to Gaul Agrippa got his territories as well. When Caligula was assassinated Agrippa supported Claudius, who in gratitude granted him the entire kingdom of Judea.
AGRIPPA AND THE EARLY CHRISTIANS
HEROD AGRIPPA II
AGRIPPA II AND PAUL OF TARSUS
Agrippa assisted the Romans when the Jewish Revolt broke out. In 70AD he helped Titus' son in the final conquest of Jerusalem and after the rebellion had been put down, Agrippa II apparently lived on until 93AD.
IN THE STORY
Herod the Great, son of the founder of the dynasty, made procurator of Judea by Julius Caesar in 47BC
Herod Antipas, ruled Galilee at the time of Jesus' ministry. Married Herodias and executed John the Baptist
Herod Agrippa I, friend of the emperors Caligula and Claudius, ruler of Galilee, Judea and Samaria, killed James and imprisoned Peter
Herod Agrippa II, heard Paul's case and advised he be acquitted
remote fortress where Herod Antipas killed John the Baptist
luxurious winter palace of Herod the Great
a hill fortress where there had been only flat ground
Wailing Wall is all that remains of Herod's reconstruction of Jerusalem
A family that has
gone down in history for its villainy
Was Salome an
innocent party, or a devious young woman out to kill her mother's enemy?
Herod the Great was one of the greatest builders of the ancient world. He also brought political stability to a country beset by rebellion and social turmoil. Yet he is one of the most despised men in human history. Set up a mock trial for him to argue for or against sending him to Hell.....